Do you work as a craftsman to support yourself and your family? It is essential to integrate your craft activity into the formal sector. To do so, why not opt for a micro-business? Formerly known as “auto-entrepreneurship”, it allows you to acquire micro-entrepreneur status. To enlighten you on this subject, let’s go into details in this article.
What Are the Characteristics of a Micro-entrepreneur?
A micro-enterprise is a full-fledged regime created in 2008. It corresponds to an individual company subject to an ultra-simplified tax and social regime and can be endowed with a legal personality. In other words, it allows the artisan entrepreneur to benefit from administrative (less cumbersome formalities), fiscal and social advantages.
It is accessible to any craftsman working freelance and wishing to create his business. To do so, the craftsman must choose a legal form for his business, among the 3 proposed:
- The sole proprietorship (EI) which is the most common and simplified form.
- The sole proprietorship with limited liability (EIRL), which has an allocation of assets thanks to a declaration of allocation.
- The one-man business with limited liability (EURL) which is a complete company with a legal personality and its own assets.
What Are the Craft Activities That Can Benefit From the Micro-business Regime?
There are 4 categories of craft activities that can benefit from the micro-business regime, namely:
- The activities of creation, manufacturing, production, processing, and repair in various sectors, such as: jewelry, cabinetry, tiling, stationery, textiles, etc.
- Service activities in various sectors, such as hairdressing, landscaping, mechanics, etc.
- Activities and trades related to construction include carpenter, electrician, plumber, and mason.
- Activities related to food such as pastry, cooking and catering, bakery, and fishmonger.
What Are the Conditions for Creating a Micro-business?
To create your micro-business, you must, on the one hand, have an activity (existing or planned) that is on the list of activities authorized to benefit from the micro-business regime.
On the other hand, you must meet the conditions relating to the turnover thresholds for a full calendar year. They are fixed at :
176,200 euros for the activities of purchase or resale of goods and the activities of sale of foodstuffs for consumption on the spot.
72,600 euros for the provision of services.
Please note that if your activity starts during the year, the thresholds of your turnover will be calculated proportionally.
In addition, before creating your micro-business, you must prove:
-sufficient experience, a diploma (CAP or BEP) or a minimum of 3 years -of experience as an employee in the sector of activity, and any other required qualification. For example, a baker is required to take a health and safety course.
What Are the Steps Required To Create a Micro-enterprise?
To become a micro-entrepreneur, make a declaration online by filling out the form P0 CMB Micro-entrepreneur- Cerfa n° 15253*04 at the business formalities center (CFE), which is the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI). Attach the required supporting documents. This center will process your declaration, check your papers, transmit the information to the relevant social and tax organizations and advise you throughout your professional life.
After 1 to 4 weeks of validating your file, INSEE will send you a SIRET number.
Then, register your micro-business, i.e., give it a physical address. You can use a domiciliation company.
Then, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry registers your micro-business with the Trade Register (RM) to obtain a K-bis extract. The purpose of this is to certify its legal existence officially.
How Much Does It Cost To Create a Micro-business?
The cost of creating a micro-business is limited because registration with the Trade Directory is free. However, you must follow a Stage de Préparation à l’Installation (SPI) with the Chambre de métiers et de l’artisanat in your region, which is not free.
Is It Possible To Stop Your Activity as a Micro-business?
It is possible to cease your activity as a micro-enterprise. To do so, you have 2 steps to take.